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Tension musculaire douloureuse chez des musiciens et EMG biofeedback. [Painful muscular tension in musicians and EMG Bio-feedback.]

 
 

Copyright 2017, Mark Alan Wade

Primary Author: Fischer-williams, M.
Journal Title: Médecine des arts: Approche médicale et scientifique des pratiques artistiques
Date Published: Jun-97
Language: French
Category: Multiple Medical Disorders
Key Words: medical muscular tension problems instrumental musician
Full Citation: Fischer-Williams, Mariella. Tension musculaire douloureuse chez des musiciens et EMG biofeedback. [Painful muscular tension in musicians and EMG Bio-feedback.] Médecine des arts: Approche médicale et scientifique des pratiques artistiques (Montauban, France) no. 20 (June 1997): 11- 15.
Full Abstract: Selected musicians with tension myalgia were taught muscle control using electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback techniques [with] ongoing visual and/or auditory computerized display of their muscle activity during various tasks. A baseline profile was recorded from several muscles, including the trapezii, frontalis, and forearm extensor muscles, first at rest, during a mental arithmetic stressor, and during internally visualized recollections of pleasant or unpleasant experiences. Recovery to baseline after these episodes, the let-go rate, was of diagnostic importance, with rapid let-go indicating quick adjustment to new circumstances. Many players showed abnormally high levels of muscle contraction; in one patient with focal dystonia, the level was 20 times above normal. Training and home practice of biofeedback reduced these levels.